Hollywood Before the Movies, Part II: City of Churches

June 30, 2010 § 2 Comments

Hollywood Congregational Church/Courtesy Los Angeles Public Library, Security Pacific Collection

In December of 2007, a bus carrying audience members to a taping of “The Dr. Phil Show” at Paramount went out of control on Gower Street and crashed onto the lawn of the First Presbyterian Church of Hollywood. Reading about the accident online, I was annoyed to come across this comment: “Who knew there were churches in Hollywood?” 

As anyone who has visited can attest, Hollywood is full of Protestant and Catholic churches; it boasts three major synagogues and temples of various Buddhist and Hindu sects as well.  In addition, Hollywood has long been a hub for nontraditional religions, from the Theosophical Society in the early 20th century to the Church of Scientology today.  But all these houses of worship merely hint at the town’s religious history: from its beginnings in the 1880’s to its absorption into Los Angeles in 1910, churches were Hollywood’s raison d’etre.  

Hollywood Christian Church/Courtesy University of Southern California Archives

Hollywood’s powerful religiosity sprang directly from its founder,  Harvey Wilcox, a devout Protestant and vehement teetotaler. In order to draw like-minded residents to Hollywood, he granted free land for church-building. Although Wilcox didn’t live to see the ultimate result, large houses of worship dominated Hollywood Boulevard by the beginning of the 20th century. 

Hollywood’s original churches have all been rebuilt since, though many of the names–Hollywood Presbyterian, St. Stephen’s Episcopal, Church of the Blessed Sacrament and Hollywood Methodist Church–remain the same. Interestingly, St. Stephen’s traces its lineage directly to Daeida Wilcox,  mother of Hollywood. Tired of commuting to Colegrove (now West Hollywood) to worship at St. James’ Mission, she donated land at Prospect (now Hollywood Blvd.) and Ivar for a new church. At that point, most of the congregation and even its rector relocated to Hollywood, sharing quarters with the Catholics at Blessed Sacrament until St. Stephen’s was completed in 1903.

Additional Source: www.ststephenshollywood.org

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§ 2 Responses to Hollywood Before the Movies, Part II: City of Churches

  • I came across your interesting blog and website whilst searching for information on St James Mission, Colegrove. One of the people involved in the foundation of the St James Mission was Cecil Hodgson, who emigrated to Hollywood in the 1890’s and bought 5 acres of land from Senator Cole to plant a lemon orchard. Cecil Hodgson was the son of the Rev. Thomas Edward Hodgson, the rector of Darlington in England. His grandfather was Adam Hodgson, a prominent Liverpool banker and cotton broker who, as an Evangelical Christian, was committed to the abolition of Empire Slavery. His great grandfather Thomas Hodgson was a prominent Liverpool slave-trader of the 18th century.
    What little I have discovered about Cecil Hodgson and the early years of Hollywood can be found here:- http://www.tioli.co.uk/Comments/Index.html

    The interesting background to his family can be read here:- http://www.tioli.co.uk/

    Best wishes

    Jon Huddleston

    • Thanks so much for writing; it’s always fascinating to hear the backgrounds of people who immigrated to this area. You might be interested to know that the town of El Monte, northeast of here in the San Gabriel Valley, was briefly a utopian community founded by a group of English ex-pats. It failed because no one wanted to farm (or do any other kind of manual labor); instead, they envisioned a life of picnicking and al fresco poetry writing. Sadly, the town today bears no signs of its unique history, but it’s fun to think about.

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